First I would like to mention:
A sentient being is a being who is subjectively aware; a being who
has interests; that is, a being who prefers, desires, or wants. Those
interests do not have to be anything like human interests. If a being
has some kind of mind that can experience frustration or satisfaction of whatever interests that being has, then the being is sentient.
We engage in speciesist thinking when we claim that a being must have
a humanlike mind to count morally. That is, it is speciesist to claim
that a being must have a reflective sense of self awareness, or
conceptual thought, or the general ability to experience life in the way
that humans do in order to have the moral right not to be used as a
resource. As long as there is someone there who is
subjectively aware and who, in that being’s own way, cares about what
happens to him or to her, that is all that is necessary to have the
moral right not to be used as a resource.
notion that animals only act upon instincts is wrong. They are real
persons just like us. Anyone with a good relation to e.g. a companion
animal understands they are persons with their own desires, wants and
feelings, and that they also are making decisions.
quote: "The one historical constant in my field is that each time a
claim of human uniqueness bites the dust, other claims quickly take its
place. Meanwhile, science keeps chipping away at the wall that separates
us from the other animals. We have moved from viewing animals as
instinct-driven stimulus-response machines to seeing them as
sophisticated decision makers. "
Peterson, one of the world’s leading chimpanzee researchers, once
mentioned to me that he believes chimps given the opportunity to satisfy
their hunger with plant sources may very well ponder the morality of
eating other animals. Could they be evolving ethically, just as we
Emma V Schmebri:
not 'humanising' cows. It is a fact that cows, like other mammals
experience a range of emotions. (we have been through this before).
Simply because you don't understand them and are unable to perceive the
different ways in which they express these emotions doesn't make them
less valid. We also use instinct when caring for our Young.
"Rather than simply being instinct-driven, the group says fish are cunning, manipulative and even cultured.
Recent research had shown that fish recognised individual "shoal mates", social prestige and even tracked relationships.
Scientists had also observed them using tools, building complex nests and exhibiting long-term memories.
The scientists added: "Although it may seem extraordinary to those
comfortably used to pre-judging animal intelligence on the basis of
brain volume, in some cognitive domains, fishes can even be favourably
compared to non-human primates."
They said fish were the most ancient of the major vertebrate groups,
giving them "ample time" to evolve complex, adaptable and diverse
behaviour patterns that rivalled those of other vertebrates.
"These developments warrant a re-appraisal of the behavioural
flexibility of fishes, and highlight the need for a deeper understanding
of the learning processes that underpin the newly recognised
behavioural and social sophistication of this taxon," said the
vet att t.ex. fiskar är självbestämmande och medvetna individer, med
förmågan att känna lidande och har vissa kognitiva förmågor som är på
samma nivå som ickemänskliga primater: